Pastor Niemöller: First they came for…

First they came for the Socialists, and I did not speak out—
Because I was not a Socialist.
Then they came for the Trade Unionists, and I did not speak out—
Because I was not a Trade Unionist.
Then they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out—
Because I was not a Jew
Then they came for me—and there was no one left to speak for me.

—Martin Niemöller (1892–1984)

Pastor Niemöller created several versions of this poem. In all versions, the impact is carefully built up, by going from the “smallest, most distant” group to the largest, Jewish, group, and then finally to himself as a by then outspoken critic of Nazism*.

Image: By Martin Niemöller(Life time: 14 January 1892 – 6 March 1984) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons*Italicised text courtesy: Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_they_came_…

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